9 Jan 2020
One day a little patient with his mom came to a doctor's appointment.

The boy was hyperactive, he never stopped moving, couldn't sit still, was chatting all the time, his attention was leaping from one object to another… and his mom was always screaming: "Calm down! Sit down! Shut up! How tired I am!"

Apparently, such a situation was typical in their life. Mom was very annoyed by her son's behavior. The boy felt that he wasn't like the rest and it drove him into depression and his behavior became the worst.

So, what happened to him?

This boy and 120mln such children around the world have attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).
Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder is considered to be a chronic, neurobehavioral disorder that is classically characterized by symptoms of inattention, impulsivity, and hyperactivity.
The disorder is particularly relevant in today's society as it is one of the most common diagnoses in educational and children's mental health settings.

ADHD is believed to typically onset in early childhood, although diagnosis is typically determined in the school-age years.

Furthermore, many children diagnosed with the disorder go on to have problems related to education, social functioning, and/or other mental illness as adolescents and young adults.

Three subtypes of ADHD are now recognized: predominantly inattentive, predominantly hyperactive/impulsive, and a combined type, characterized by a combination of the first 2 subtypes.

Sharma, A., & Couture, J. (2013). A Review of the Pathophysiology, Etiology, and Treatment of Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). Annals of Pharmacotherapy, 48(2), 209–225. doi:10.1177/1060028013510699

Matthews, M., Nigg, J. T., & Fair, D. A. (2013). Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder. Current Topics in Behavioral Neurosciences, 235–266. doi:10.1007/7854_2013_249

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